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April 26, 2019


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Fabric University | Fabric Seminar | Fiber Characteristics | Seaweed
Fiber Characteristics

SEAWEED

Manufactured Fiber - cellulosic fiber made from seaweed

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Breathable
  • Stimulating
  • Comfortable to wear
  • Antimicrobial qualities can be incorporated during the production process

MAJOR END USES:

  • Apparel - knitwear, underwear, casual sportswear, socks, sleepwear, athlete wear

Background
Seaweed is a renewable, cellulosic fiber that has its origins in the world’s ocean waters.  When blended with other cellulosic fibers, it can be used to manufacture woven and knitted fabrics.  Since ancient times, Chinese medicine has used seaweed to protect the skin, because of its anti-inflammatory qualities.  Seaweed’s richness in trace elements is well known.  Fabrics made from seaweed fiber are said to harness the benefits of deep-sea minerals and the trace elements.  In the early 2000s, advanced technologies in seaweed production made this fiber usable in the production of apparel.


Production 
Seaweed fiber is water-soluble and serves as the holding fiber.  The seaweed is usually combined with the cellulose from the eucalyptus tree during the lyocell production process.  The eucalyptus serves as the 'functioning substrate' for the seaweed. When the cloth is finished, the alginate is dissolved.  This eucalyptus fiber and seaweed blended fiber, when turned into a fabric, is said to contain numerous benefits for human skin.

An antibacterial effect can also be achieved in seaweed fiber through the incorporation and activation of the metal ions into the seaweed during the lyocell process.  In contrast, antimicrobial fibers produced by conventional methods are either surface-finished with antimicrobial active chemicals, or produced by incorporating organic substances with antimicrobial effects.

The favorable textile properties of fibers produced by the lyocell production process are not adversely affected by the incorporation of seaweed or by activation to obtain an antibacterial fiber.


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